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Facts about Executive Search Firms and Health Care Recruiters

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Artikel ini bisa ditranslate ke bahasa indonesia menggunakan google translate widget.

1) If you are job hunting, you should send your resume to recruiters.

Different recruiters know about different positions. They do not usually know about the same ones. This is particularly true with retained firms. By sending your resume out widely, you will be placed in many different confidential databases and be alerted of many different positions. If you send your resume to only a few, it may be that none you send to will be working with positions which are suited for you. Throw your net widely. If you change jobs, it is also wise to send follow-up letters to the recruiters and alert them of your new career move. Many search firms follow people throughout their careers and enjoy being kept up-to-date. It is a good idea to have your resume formatted in plain text so you can copy and paste it into email messages when requested to do so. Then, follow up with a nicely formatted copy on paper by postal mail.

Some people estimate that only 1% to 3% of all resumes sent will result in actual job interviews. So, if you only send 50 resumes, you may only have less than 2 interviews, if that many. Send your resume to as many recruiters as you can. It is worth the postage. Generally, recruiters will not share your resume with any employer or give your name to anyone else without obtaining your specific permission to do so. The recruiter will call first, talk to you about a particular position and then ask your permission to share your resume with that employer.

2) Your resume will be kept strictly confidential by the executive search firm.

Recruiters are professionals. They recognize that in order to assist job seekers and professionals in their career development, they will need to ensure the professional of strict confidentiality. What this means is that the recruiter will hold all of your information confidential at all times. It is, in fact, safe to submit your resume to a search firm and not worry that the search firm will let it leak out that your are job searching. Recruiters will call you each and every time they wish to present you to an employer in order to gain your permission. Only after they have gained your permission will they submit your name or resume to the identified employer. The wonderful aspect of working with search firms is that you can manage your career and your job search in confidence and privacy. Also, keep in mind that recruiters know about your industry and they know about job openings that you may never hear about on your own. Pick a handful of trusty recruiters whom you will allow to follow you throughout your career. They can also be good confidantes, sounding boards and advisors, whether or not you are contemplating a job change.

3) Fees are always paid by the employer, not the job candidate.

Recruiters and search firms work for the employer or hiring entity. The employer pays them a fee for locating the right individual for the job opening. This is important to remember, in that when you interact with executive recruiters, you are essentially interacting with an agent or representative of the employer. Recruiters are more loyal to employers than they are to job candidates because they work for the employer. This should not present a problem, but, should cause you to develop your relationship with the recruiter with the same integrity and professionalism that you would with the employer.

Recruiters are paid fees in one of two ways - retainer fees or contingency fees. This is an important distinction and will affect your process with both the employer and the recruiter. Some employers prefer working with contingency firms and some with retained firms. Both are respected by employers and useful in your job search, but, the two types of firms will not be handling the same positions with the same employers simultaneously. The "retained" recruiter has entered an exclusive contract with an employer to fill a particular position. The retained recruiter, then, is likely to advertise a position, sharing the specifics of the position, location and employer openly. The retained firm feels a great obligation to fulfill the contract by finding the best person for the job. The contingency recruiter, on the other hand, usually does not have an exclusive relationship with the employer, and is only paid a fee if the job search is successful. Often, if the employer uses contingency firms, there will be more than one contingency firm competing to fill a certain position. As a job hunter, if you are sent to an interview by a contingency firm, you may find that you are competing with with a larger number of applicants for a position. Generally, retained firms only send in from 3 to 5 candidates for a position.

Recruiters will be paid fees equal to about 25% to 35% of the resulting salary of the successful candidate plus expenses. This does not come out of the job candidate's salary. This is paid to the recruiter through a separate relationship between the employer and the search firm. These may seem like large fees to you, but, keep in mind that recruiters incur a great many expenses when searching for successful job candidates. They spend enormous amounts of money on computer systems, long distance calls, mail-outs, travel and interviews. Recruiters work very hard for these fees. Employers recognize the value of using recruiters and are more than willing to pay recruiters the fees. All you have to do is contact the recruiter to get the process moving.

4) Not all healthcare recruiters work only in healthcare.

Some search firms work exclusively in healthcare, while others may work in several fields at once. Some of the larger generalist firms will have one or more search consultants that specialize in healthcare. It is important for you, as a job hunter, to assess the recruiters' knowledge of your field. If you use industry buzz words in describing your skills, experience or career aspirations, you may or may not be talking a language the recruiter understands fully. It is wise to explore fully with the recruiter his understanding of your field and area of specialization. For a list of recruiters with experience in healthcare, you may wish to consult the Directory of Healthcare Recruiters.

5) Recruiters and search consultants move around.

Recruiters, like many professionals, move to new firms during their careers. Often you will find that recruiters will work at several firms during their careers. Since it is much more effective to address your letters to a person rather than "to whom it may concern", it is smart for job hunters to have accurate and up-to-date information about who is who and where, since this can change frequently. Search firms also move their offices, sometimes to another suite, street or state. If you have a list of recruiters that is over one year old, you will certainly waste some postage in mailing your resumes and cover letters. Many of your mail-outs will be returned to you stamped "non-deliverable", unless you obtain an up-to-date list. The Directory of Healthcare Recruiters is updated very frequently, usually monthly. If you ordered a Directory in years past, it is wise to order another one. The money saved on postage will pay for the Directory. Also, keep in mind that money spent on materials such as postage, resume paper and resources like the Directory are tax deductible if you are job hunting.

6) Most search firms work with positions all over the country.

If you are from a particular state, and want to remain in that state, don't make the mistake of only sending your resume to recruiters in your state. Often the recruiters in your state are working on positions in other states, and recruiters in other states are working on positions in your state. This is usually the case. Very few recruiters in our Directory work only in their local area, most work all around the US and some internationally. Regardless of your geographic preference, you should still send your resume to all the healthcare recruiters. Our own search firm, although located geographically in Kansas, is a national firm. We place candidates all over the US. For more information about us, go to About Us. If you really only want to remain in your area, you can specify that preference in your cover letter. Do keep in mind, however, that by stating your geographic preference, you may be eliminating yourself from the running for a dream job somewhere else.

7) Recruiters primarily work with hard to fill positions or executive positions.

Some recruiters specialize in managed care executive positions, healthcare financial positions or health administration positions. Others may specialize in finding doctors, nurses or physical therapists. Generally, an employer does not engage a recruiter's assistance in filling a position unless it is hard to fill. Sometimes employers will engage search firms to save them the valuable time of advertising or combing through dozens of resumes. Contingency recruiters tend to work with more mid-level management and professional positions, but, this is not always the case. Retained firms generally work with the higher level clinical or administrative positions. One thing you will be assured of is that if a recruiter is working on a position, that means that the employer is willing to pay a fee. That usually means that the position is a valued position and one worth closer inspection on your part. Our economy is an "Employer's Market". This means that employers receive a deluge of resumes for their open positions. Increasingly, employers are using recruitment firms to handle their openings and schedule the interviews because employers simply do not have the manpower or time to handle the many resumes they receive. Therefore, if a job hunter is submitted by a recruiter, that job hunter has a great advantage over all other applicants.

by Pam Pohly's Net Guide.
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Top 10 benefits of Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:
Translated by google translator

Info ini saya ambil dari link ini

Alasan 1
Provide a simple, familiar, and consistent user experience.
Sediakan sederhana, akrab, konsisten dan pengalaman pengguna.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 is tightly integrated with familiar client desktop applications, e-mail, and Web browsers to provide a consistent user experience that simplifies how people interact with content, processes, and business data.
Kantor SharePoint Server 2007 adalah rapat terpadu akrab dengan klien aplikasi desktop, e-mail, dan Web browser untuk konsisten memberikan pengalaman pengguna yang mempermudah cara orang berinteraksi dengan konten, proses, dan data bisnis.

This tight integration, coupled with robust out-of-the-box functionality, helps you employ services themselves and facilitates product adoption.
Ketat integrasi ini, digabungkan dengan kuat out-of-the-kotak fungsionalitas, membantu Anda menggunakan layanan sendiri dan memfasilitasi adopsi produk.

Alasan 2
Boost employee productivity by simplifying everyday business activities.
Meningkatkan produktivitas karyawan dengan menyederhanakan kegiatan bisnis sehari-hari.

Take advantage of out-of-the-box workflows for initiating, tracking, and reporting common business activities such as document review and approval, issue tracking, and signature collection.
Manfaatkan out-of-the-kotak workflows untuk memulai, pelacakan, dan pelaporan kegiatan usaha umum seperti memeriksa dokumen dan persetujuan, isu pelacakan, dan tanda tangan koleksi.

You can complete these activities without any coding.
Anda dapat melengkapi kegiatan ini tanpa coding.

Tight integration with familiar client applications, e-mail, and Web browsers provide you with a simple, consistent experience.
Ketat integrasi dengan aplikasi klien akrab, e-mail, dan Web browser menyediakan Anda dengan sederhana, konsisten pengalaman.

Modifying and extending these out-of-the-box workflow processes is made easy through tools like Microsoft Office SharePoint Designer 2007 (the next release of Microsoft Office FrontPage).
Memodifikasi dan memperpanjang ini out-of-the-kotak proses kerja dibuat mudah melalui alat-alat seperti Microsoft Office SharePoint Designer 2007 (rilis berikutnya dari Microsoft Office FrontPage).

Alasan 3
Help meet regulatory requirements through comprehensive control over content.
Membantu memenuhi persyaratan-persyaratan yang komprehensif melalui kontrol atas konten.

By specifying security settings, storage policies, auditing policies, and expiration actions for business records in accordance with compliance regulations, you can help ensure your sensitive business information can be controlled and managed effectively.
Dengan menetapkan pengaturan keamanan, penyimpanan kebijakan, audit kebijakan, dan tindakan untuk bisnis kadaluarsa catatan sesuai dengan mematuhi peraturan, Anda dapat membantu memastikan Anda sensitif bisnis informasi dapat dikontrol dan dikelola secara efektif.

And you can reduce litigation risk for your organization.
Dan Anda dapat mengurangi risiko proses pengadilan untuk organisasi Anda.

Tight integration of Office SharePoint Server 2007 with familiar desktop applications means that policy settings are rendered onto client applications in the Microsoft Office system, making it simpler for employees to be aware of and comply with regulatory requirements.
Ketat integrasi Office SharePoint Server 2007 akrab dengan aplikasi desktop berarti bahwa kebijakan pengaturan yang diberikan ke klien aplikasi Microsoft Office di sistem, menjadikannya lebih sederhana untuk karyawan untuk mengetahui dan mematuhi persyaratan-persyaratan.

Alasan 4
Effectively manage and repurpose content to gain increased business value.
Secara efektif mengelola dan repurpose konten untuk mendapatkan peningkatan nilai bisnis.

Business users and content authors can create and submit content for approval and scheduled deployment to intranet or Internet sites.
Pengguna bisnis dan penulis konten dapat membuat dan mengirimkan konten untuk persetujuan dan penyebaran dijadwalkan untuk intranet atau situs-situs Internet.

Managing multilingual content is simplified through new document library templates that are specifically designed to maintain a relationship between the original version and different translations of a document.
Mengelola multi konten sederhana adalah melalui dokumen baru perpustakaan template yang dirancang khusus untuk menjaga hubungan antara versi asli dan terjemahan yang berbeda dari sebuah dokumen.

Alasan 5
Simplify organization-wide access to both structured and unstructured information across disparate systems.
Menyederhanakan organisasi-lebar akses untuk kedua terstruktur googling dan di seluruh beda sistem informasi.

Give your users access to business data found in common line-of-business systems like SAP and Siebel through Office SharePoint Server 2007. Users can also create personalized views and interactions with business systems through a browser by dragging configurable back-end connections.
Memberikan Anda akses untuk pengguna bisnis data umum ditemukan di baris-dari-bisnis sistem seperti SAP dan Siebel melalui Kantor SharePoint Server 2007. Pengguna juga dapat membuat personalisasi dilihat dan interaksi dengan sistem bisnis melalui browser diatur kembali oleh seret-akhir sambungan.

Enterprise-wide Managed Document Repositories help your organizations store and organize business documents in one central location.
Perusahaan-lebar Dikelola Document Repositori membantu Anda menyimpan dan mengatur organisasi bisnis dokumen di satu lokasi pusat.

Alasan 6
Connect people with information and expertise.
Menghubungkan masyarakat dengan informasi dan keahlian.

Enterprise Search in Office SharePoint Server 2007 incorporates business data along with information about documents, people, and Web pages to produce comprehensive, relevant results.
Cari perusahaan di Kantor SharePoint Server 2007 memasukkan data usaha bersama dengan informasi tentang dokumen, orang, dan halaman Web untuk menghasilkan komprehensif, hasil yang relevan.

Features like duplicate collapsing, spelling correction, and alerts improve the relevance of the results, so you can easily find what you need.
Fitur-fitur seperti duplikat roboh, koreksi ejaan, dan tanda meningkatkan relevansi hasil, sehingga Anda dapat dengan mudah menemukan apa yang Anda butuhkan.

Alasan 7
Accelerate shared business processes across organizational boundaries.
Bersama mempercepat proses bisnis di seluruh organisasi batas.

Without coding any custom applications, you can use smart, electronic forms–driven solutions to collect critical business information from customers, partners, and suppliers through a Web browser.
Tanpa coding apapun aplikasi kustom, Anda dapat menggunakan pintar, formulir elektronik didorong-solusi bisnis penting untuk mengumpulkan informasi dari para pelanggan, mitra, dan pemasok melalui browser Web.

Built-in data validation rules help you gather accurate and consistent data that can be directly integrated into back-end systems to avoid redundancy and errors that result from manual data re-entry.
Built-in validasi data aturan membantu Anda mengumpulkan data akurat dan konsisten yang dapat langsung terintegrasi ke dalam sistem back-end untuk menghindari kesalahan dan kelebihan bahwa hasil dari data manual masuk kembali.

Alasan 8
Share business data without divulging sensitive information.
Berbagi data bisnis tanpa divulging informasi sensitif.

Give your employees access to real-time, interactive Microsoft Office Excel spreadsheets from a Web browser through Excel Services running on Office SharePoint Server 2007.
Memberikan akses karyawan Anda secara real-time, interaktif Microsoft Office Excel spreadsheet dari browser Web melalui Excel Layanan yang berjalan di Kantor SharePoint Server 2007.

Use these spreadsheets to maintain and efficiently share one central and up-to-date version while helping to protect any proprietary information embedded in the documents (such as financial models).
Menggunakan spreadsheet ini untuk mempertahankan dan efisien berbagi satu pusat dan up-to-date versi sementara untuk membantu melindungi informasi apapun milik tertanam dalam dokumen (seperti model keuangan).

Alasan 9
Enable people to make better-informed decisions by presenting business-critical information in one central location.
Memungkinkan orang untuk membuat keputusan yang lebih baik-informasi oleh presentasi bisnis-informasi penting dalam satu lokasi pusat.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 makes it easy to create live, interactive business intelligence (BI) portals that assemble and display business-critical information from disparate sources, using integrated BI capabilities such as dashboards, Web Parts, scorecards, key performance indicators (KPIs), and business data connectivity technologies.
Kantor SharePoint Server 2007 untuk mempermudah membuat hidup, interaktif bisnis intelijen (BI) portal yang berkumpul dan usaha menampilkan informasi-kritis dari sumber-beda, menggunakan terpadu BI kemampuan seperti panel kontrol, Web Parts, scorecards, key performance indicator (KPIs), konektivitas data bisnis dan teknologi.

Centralized Report Center sites give users a single place for locating the latest reports, spreadsheets, or KPIs.
Laporan terpusat situs Pusat memberikan pengguna satu tempat untuk locating laporan terbaru, spreadsheet, atau KPIs.

Alasan 10
Provide a single, integrated platform to manage intranet, extranet, and Internet applications across the enterprise.
Menyediakan sebuah platform terpadu untuk mengelola intranet, extranet, Internet dan aplikasi di seluruh perusahaan.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 is built on an open, scalable architecture, with support for Web services and interoperability standards including XML and Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP).
Kantor SharePoint Server 2007 dibangun pada terbuka, scalable arsitektur, dengan dukungan layanan Web dan interoperabilitas standar termasuk XML dan Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP).

The server has rich, open application programming interfaces (APIs) and event handlers for lists and documents.
Server telah kaya, membuka antarmuka pemrograman aplikasi (API) dan penangan acara untuk daftar dan dokumen.

These features provide integration with existing systems and the flexibility to incorporate new non-Microsoft IT investments.
Fitur-fitur ini menyediakan integrasi dengan sistem yang ada dan fleksibilitas untuk menggabungkan baru non-Microsoft investasi TI.

Cheers, frizzy2008

CEK DARAH ANDA, Normalkah...?

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Normalkah ……?
• Kolesterol
• Fungsi Hati
• Fungsi Ginjal
• Kadar Gula Darah Saya …..?

Kolesterol yang tinggi dalam darah (Dislipidemia) merupakan factor yang berperan sebbagai penyebab aterosklerosis yang akhirnya dapat menyebabkan Penyakit Jantung Koroner ( PJK ) dan stroke. Setiap orang dewasa berumur > 20 Tahun dianjurkan untuk melakukan pemeriksaan kadar kolesterol darah secara berkala.
Perkiraan Biaya
Pemeriksaan Kolesterol Lengkap Rp 170.500,-
Pemeriksaan terdiri dari :
1. Kolesterol Total
2. Kolesterol HDL
3. Kolesterol LDL
4. Trigliserida

Diabetes Melitus adalah penyakit menahun yang ditandai dengan kadar glukosa darah yang melebihi nilai normal akibat kekurangan hormone insulin terganggu. Kadar gula darah yang tinggi lama – kelamaan dapat menyebabkan kerusakan dan gangguan fungsi berbagai jaringan dan organ tubuh. Penelitian terbaru menyebutkan penyebab DM terbanyak pada saat ini adalah karena gaya hidup yang tidak sehat.
Perkiraan Biaya
Pemeriksaan Kadar Gula Darah Rp 213.000,-
Pemeriksaan terdiri dari :
1. Gula Darah Puasa
2. Gula Darah 2 jam setelah makan
3. HbAIC

Liver/Hati adalah organ tubuh yang bila kerusakannya tidak parah tidak akan menimbulkan gejala. Untuk mengetahui adanya gangguan fungsi hati harus dilakukan pemeriksaan panel fungsi secara berkala.
Perkiraan Biaya
Pemeriksaan Fungsi Hati Rp 127.000,-
Pemeriksaan terdiri dari :
3. Gamma GT
4. Fosfatase Alkali

Ginjal merupakan organ penting yang menyaring darah dan membuang zat-zat sisa dan racun dari dalam tubuh. Infeksi ginjal dan gangguan fungsi ginjal bila tidak ditangani cepat dan tepat dapat menyebabkan kerusakan organ dan gagal ginjal.
Perkiraan Biaya
Pemeriksaan Fungsi Ginjal Rp 125.500,-
Pemeriksaan terdiri dari :
1. Ureum
2. Creatinine
3. Asam Urat
4. Urine Lengkap

Cheers, frizzy2008.

Layanan Western Union

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Kini layanan pengiriman dan penerimaan uang dari luar negeri ke Indonesia sudah semakin mudah. Western Union (WU) memberikan keuntungan bagi anda dalam melakukan transaksi pengiriman dan penerimaan uang untuk/dari keluarga maupun kerabat anda.

Keuntungan bertransaksi WU
  1. BEBAS BIAYA. Bebas biaya materai dan administrasi untuk setiap transaksi penerimaan uang.
  2. CEPAT. Uang anda dapat segera diterima di tempat tujuan setelah pengiriman berhasil dilakukan.
  3. MUDAH. Anda dapat melakukan transaksi penerimaan hanya dengan menunjukkan KTP dan mengisi aplikasi tanpa harus memiliki rekening bank.
  4. AMAN. Hanya penerima yang ditunjuk yang dapat menerima kiriman uang anda dan setiap pengiriman dilindungi sistem keamanan kelas dunia dengan adanya Money Transfer Control Number (MTCN), yang berlaku sebagai nomor identitas transaksi anda.
Cara Pengiriman Uang
  1. Datang ke bank yang berafiliasi dengan WU terdekat dan melengkapi formulir Pengiriman Uang.
  2. Menyerahkan formulir Pengiriman Uang yang sudah dilengkapi, kartu identitas asli yang masih berlaku, beserta uang yang akan dikirim kepada petugas Bank Danamon.
  3. Anda akan mendapatkan tanda terima pengiriman uang yang dilengkapi dengan MTCN.
  4. Pengirim harus segera memberitahukan kepada Penerima perihal nomor MTCN, jumlah uang yang dikirim, dan informasi bahwa uang tersebut dapat diambil di lokasi layanan WU terdekat.
Cara Penerimaan Uang
  1. Penerima mendapatkan informasi dari Pengirim perihal: MTCN dan jumlah uang yang akan diterima.
  2. Silahkan datang ke kantor bank yang berafiliasi dengan WU terdekat sebagai salah satu pilihan lokasi layanan WU.
  3. Penerima melengkapi formulir Penerimaan Uang serta menunjukkan kartu identitas yang masih berlaku. Kemudian petugas bank akan memproses transaksi.
  4. Penerima akan menerima uang tunai berikut bukti tanda terima penerimaan uang.
Mudah bukan?

Cheers, frizzy2008.

Erotika dalam karya fiksi

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Oleh Mulyo Sunyoto

Ketika masih duduk di bangku sekolah menengah pertama, eseis Goenawan Mohamad sudah membaca novel George Orwell yang berjudul "1984" dalam versi aslinya.
"Saya baca terutama di bagian-bagian yang memuat deskripsi erotik," katanya. Pengalaman Goenawan tentu tidaklah istimewa. Karena pembaca pada umumnya secara naluriah tak akan melewatkan bagian penggambaran perilaku erotik ketika menikmati karya fiksi.

Itu sebabnya para novelis menjadikan deskripsi perilaku erotik sebagai bagian tak terpisahkan dari totalitas cerita. Ada pengarang yang menjaga agar deskripsi mengenai perilaku erotik itu jangan sampai terjerumus ke dalam klasifikasi pornografis. Ada pengarang yang tak mempedulikan batas-batas klasifikasi itu.

Jika tujuan penggambaran atau deskripsi mengenai perilaku erotis itu adalah untuk merangsang naluri seksual pembaca, seperti dijelaskan Webster`s New Explorer Dictionary, penggambaran itu bisa dikategorikan sebagai pornografi.

Dalam novel terbaru Ayu Utami "Bilangan Fu", misalnya, deskripsi perilaku erotik jelas tidak dimaksudkan untuk merangsang seksual pembaca karena sang pengarang tak membuat deskripsi jasmaniah-harfiah. Sebaliknya, Ayu sengaja mengaburkan adegan erotik lewat bahasa metaforik, yang sebetulnya bisa saja dianggap lebih merangsang fantasi seksual pembaca.

Di halaman 38 novel setebal 531 pagina itu, Ayu membahasakan adegan seks dengan pilihan kata berikut:
"Di dalam kamar kubiarkan Marja memicu kudanya untuk berlari lebih cepat lagi. Kubiarkan ia menaji si kuda dengan sanggurdinya yang tak berbelas kasih. Ia mengucapkan segala sumpah serapah yang terdengar oleh seluruh dunia dan kata-kata kotor pada kuda yang mulai kehilangan kontrol."

Diksi metaforik dalam pasase itu seperti "kuda", "menaji", "sanggurdi," digunakan pengarangnya untuk menghindari lukisan-lukisan verbal-vulgar yang biasa digunakan kalangan pengarang novel picisan.

Tak vulgar

Sementara itu dalam "God of Small Things", bahasa harfiah dipakai oleh Arundhaty Roy untuk melukisan percintaan erotik antara Ammukuty, seorang janda, dengan jejaka yang digandrunginya, Velutha. Meskipun bisa dicap pornografis, deskripsi tentang percintaan erotis yang digubah Arundhaty jauh dari kesan porno yang vulgar.
Kenapa? Sebab Arundhati meletakkan adegan erotik itu dalam bingkai situasi yang tegang. Sang lelaki dalam ancaman disiksa warga setempat karena nekat bercinta dengan wanita dari kasta tinggi sementara dia sendiri dari golongan sudra.

Bahasa harfiah yang melukisan tubuh manusia yang sedang bercinta antara lain diwujudkan dalam kalimat berikut: "Ammu menjulurkan lidahnya dan mengecapkannya di ceruk kerongkongan lelaki itu. Di cuping telinganya. Ia menarik kepala lelaki itu ke arahnya, dan mencium mulutnya. Ciuman berkabut...."

Namun, untuk adegan hubungan intim, Arundhati tidak seharfiah saat ia melukiskan adegan ciuman, yang menurut banyak kalangan belum "porno banget", meskipun Lembaga Sensor Film (LSF) suka menggunting pita seluloid yang berisi adegan ciuman.
Inilah deskripsi Arundhaty untuk adegan "porno" yang disampaikan dalam diksi dan frasa metaforik:
"Sepasang mata yang berkabut menatap sepasang mata yang berkabut dalam tatapan mesra, dan seorang wanita yang berkilauan membuka dirinya pada seorang lelaki yang berkilauan. Wanita itu selebar dan sedalam sungai di saat banjir. Lelaki itu menyelam ke dalam airnya. Wanita itu dapat merasakan lelaki itu bergerak semakin dalam dan semakin dalam di dalam dirinya. Sibuk sekali. Hingar bingar..."

Fiksi yang menguraikan perilaku erotis dengan bahasa yang denotatif, menurut kritikus Milan Kundera, tidak akan sedahsyat yang menggunakan kiasan atau metafora. Terkait dengan metafora, pengarang Putu Wijaya mengamini Kundera. Putu selalu menghadirkan tamsil, ibarat, kiasan dan metafora dalam fiksi-fiksi gubahannya. Semua medium ekspresi itu diramu dan disampaikan untuk menghadirkan pekabaran yang memukau.

Para pengarang tak henti-hentinya mengeksplorasi dan mencita bahasa metaforik, termasuk ketika mereka mendeskripsikan perilaku erotis dalam karya-karya fiksi mereka.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

ARS: Alternatif Remittance System Rawan Digunakan Teroris

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Pengiriman uang alternatif (alternatif remittance system/ARS) dan pengiriman uang secara elektronik (wired transfer) diindikasikan masih menjadi sarana para pelaku kejahatan semisal aksi pencucian uang (money laundering) dan penggalian pendanaan untuk aksi terorisme.

Hal itu terungkap dalam konferemsi pers APEC Seminar on Securing Remittance and Cross Borders Payment from Terorist Use, yang diadakan oleh Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK) bekerja sama dengan Asia Pasific Economic Cooperation (APEC) di Jakarta, Rabu (22/10).

Menurut Public Relation PPATK M Natsir Kongah MS dalam perkembangannya, jasa alternatif pengiriman uang dapat disalahgunakan karena ARS tidak terdeteksi dalam sistem keuangan.

Dari data yang dikeluarkan oleh APEC, Indonesia menduduki peringkat keempat dari lima besar pengiriman atau penerimaan uang ke dalam negeri, dibawah China, Meksiko dan Filipina. "Pada tahun 2006 jumlah pengiriman yang masuk ke Indonesia setara dengan 1,6 persen GDP," kata Natsir.

Sedangkan, dari mulai 2002 jumlah penerimaan uang yang masuk terus meningkat dimana pada 2002, jumlah uang yang masuk ke Indonesia sebanyak 1,259 juta dollar AS. Untuk 2003 mencapai 1,489 juta dollar AS. 2004 sebanyak 1,865 juta dollar AS, 2005 sejumlah 5,419 juta dollar AS. Dan 2006 berrtambahn menjadi 5,722 juta dollar AS. Sedangkan pada tahun lalu jumlahnya meningkat lagi menjadi 6 juta dollar AS.

Nantinya, diharapkan hasil dari seminar tersebut dapat membuahkan pemahaman yang lebih komprehensif bagi instansi terkait yang ada di Indonesia. Seperti kepolisian, kejaksaan, bea cukai maupun imigrasi. "Selain itu juga seminar ini untuk mendukung tugas dan fungsi PPATK sebagai financial intelegence unit," terang Natsir.

Seminar 2 hari ini diikuti oleh 100 peserta baik yang berasal dari instansi terkait di Indonesia maupun perwakilan dari negara anggota APEC.


Cheers, frizzy2008.

Ten Smart Travel Packing Tips

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

1. Plan ahead. Know what weather to expect and what your activities might be, then pack the right clothes for the climate and your events. Ignore the urge to add in “but what if…” items.

2. Pack less. Pack only 3 pair of quick-drying underwear that can be washed out and dried overnight: one to wear, one to wash, and a spare. Expect to wear each outer clothing item more than once. Choose versatile pieces that can be worn in different combinations.

3. Pack a “go-anywhere” wardrobe. Take clothes that blend in with the local population and provide safety from those who target tourists. For instance: modest necklines for women, long pants or skirts, and shirts with a collar and sleeves.

4. Pack easy-care clothes that you love. To ensure that you will look and feel great on your trip, choose clothes from your closet that still appear fresh at the end of a long day. If things wrinkle at home, they will surely wrinkle while traveling.

5. Take comfortable shoes. You will not have a good time if your feet hurt. Three pairs of shoes are the maximum for most trips: one to wear and two to pack.

6. Choose the right bag for the trip. Structured bags with wheels protect the contents and offer independence in airports, while unstructured bags without wheels are generally easier to squish into small places, as in the trunk of a car.

7. Know the current airline luggage rules. To avoid additional fees and confusion at the airport, understand how many pieces of luggage may be checked, plus the maximum dimensions and allowable weight for each bag. Call your airline or check for the latest information.

8. Pack smart. Use smart packing tricks to fit items into your luggage in the most space-efficient way, and to provide easy visibility during security checks. For example, group small items in see-through containers or in self-sealing plastic bags. Pack less to speed the security check process—an over packed bag takes longer to manually inspect and is more difficult to repack.

9. Travel light. Wheels are helpful on smooth terrain, but you must still be able to carry your bag on rough streets and up and down stairs. Two smaller bags are easier to manage than one larger bag, although changing airline checked baggage rules might make this cost more. Lighten up cosmetics and toiletries; these often make up half of the bag weight. Travel and sample-sized items are a good trick, as is transferring the amount needed into a small container. Dual duty products such as moisturizer plus sunscreen eliminate one entire bottle.

10. Use or pack a lock. Today’s airport security requires luggage to be unlocked, but pack a lock so you can secure your bag at your destination. Or purchase a new TSA-approved lock—a combination lock that is set by the owner with TSA holding the master key—and lock while traveling.

The moral to the story is if you follow these simple guidelines, you will have the freedom to go everywhere — independently and comfortably — and travel will indeed be the relaxing break you anticipate.

©2008 Susan Foster, Smart Travel Press, P.O. Box 25514, Portland, OR 97298-0514,

Cheers, frizzy2008.

True story of Stanford University

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Untrue story:

The Stanfords visited several great universities of the East to gather ideas. An urban legend, widely circulated on the Internet but untrue, describes the couple as poorly-dressed country bumpkins who decided to found their own university only after being rebuffed in their offer to endow a building at Harvard. They did visit Harvard's president but were well-received and given advice on starting a new university in California. From the outset they made some untraditional choices: the university would be coeducational, in a time when most were all-male; non-denominational, when most were associated with a religious organization; and avowedly practical, producing "cultured and useful citizens" when most were concerned only with the former.

True story:
taken from

The Birth of the University

In 1876, former California Governor Leland Stanford purchased 650 acres of Rancho San Francisquito for a country home and began the development of his famous Palo Alto Stock Farm. He later bought adjoining properties totaling more than 8,000 acres. The little town that was beginning to emerge near the land took the name Palo Alto (tall tree) after a giant California redwood on the bank of San Francisquito Creek. The tree itself is still there and would later become the university's symbol and centerpiece of its official seal.

The Stanford Family

Leland Stanford, who grew up and studied law in New York, moved West after the gold rush and, like many of his wealthy contemporaries, made his fortune in the railroads. He was a leader of the Republican Party, governor of California and later a U.S. senator. He and Jane had one son, who died of typhoid fever in 1884 when the family was traveling in Italy. Leland Jr. was just 15. Legend has it that the grieving couple said to one another after their son's death, "the children of California shall be our children," and they quickly set about to find a lasting way to memorialize their beloved son.

The Stanfords visited several great universities of the East to gather ideas. An urban legend, widely circulated on the Internet but untrue, describes the couple as poorly-dressed country bumpkins who decided to found their own university only after being rebuffed in their offer to endow a building at Harvard. They did visit Harvard's president but were well-received and given advice on starting a new university in California. From the outset they made some untraditional choices: the university would be coeducational, in a time when most were all-male; non-denominational, when most were associated with a religious organization; and avowedly practical, producing "cultured and useful citizens" when most were concerned only with the former.

The prediction of a New York newspaper that Stanford professors would "lecture in marble halls to empty benches" was quickly disproved. The first student body consisted of 559 men and women, and the original faculty of 15 was expanded to 49 for the second year. The university’s first president was David Starr Jordan, a graduate of Cornell, who left his post as president of Indiana University to join the adventure out West.

The Stanfords engaged Frederick Law Olmsted, the famed landscape architect who created New York’s Central Park, to design the physical plan for the university. The collaboration was contentious, but finally resulted in an organziation of quadrangles on an east-west axis. Today, as Stanford continues to expand, the university’s architects attempt to respect those original university plans.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

The Wealthy Use Google, The Poor Use Yahoo

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Talk about a digital divide. Hitwise recently performed some analysis of the traffic patterns on the Google (NSDQ: GOOG) and Yahoo (NSDQ: YHOO) search engines. Google users tended to be older and spend more money online. Yahoo users, conversely, were often younger and spent less money online. Which is the better audience to have?

Why is it that Google users are likely to be older and spend more and the opposite for Yahoo? Is it the blend of services available? The result Hopkins finds of highly-indexed Google users being 55+ seems odd to me. My parents fall into that age bracket and hardly use the Internet for more than the most casual searches. Meanwhile, my peers, ranging from 25 to 40, seem to have adopted more of Google's services than our parents have. So when Hitwise says Yahoo users are younger, does that mean younger than 25? Younger than 20? Are teenagers the biggest users of Yahoo services?

Why would Microsoft want to buy a company that caters to teenagers? Granted, the 18-34 advertising bracket is highly coveted, as younger people are falling into the purchasing patterns they will likely follow for the rest of their lives. But older people, 34-54, generally have more disposable income.

taken from
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Depkominfo Selanggarakan Instalasi Open Source Software Secara Massal

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Kementerian Ristek dan Depkominfo menyelenggarakan instalasi Open Source Software (OSS) secara massal pertama di Indonesia untuk 288 unit laptop. Setelah proses instalasi selesai, ke-288 laptop tersebut akan menjalankan aplikasi OpenOffice secara massal pertama di Indonesia, di mana setiap 3-4 laptop dijalankan oleh seorang peserta.

"Ini akan dicatatkan di MURI (Museum Rekor Dunia Indonesia -red)," kata Asisten Deputi Pendayagunaan dan Pemasyarakatan Iptek Kementerian Ristek Kemal Prihatman di sela proses instalasi massal Open Source Software di Jakarta, Sabtu (2/8). Dalam kesempatan itu, MURI juga mencatatkan hotspot dengan akses SSID terbanyak dalam satu waktu secara bersamaan dan konten blog terbanyak dalam waktu tiga jam.

Sementara itu, Pakar Telematika Onno W Purbo yang juga merupakan panitia acara itu mengatakan ada dua filosofi diselenggarakannya kegiatan pencatatan.
"Kita ingin tanamkan bahwa meng-install software open source itu mudah dan yang kedua kita ingin tanamkan bahwa menulis dalam blog itu juga mudah," katanya.

Kemal mengatakan sejak penandatanganan kesepakatan bersama penggunaan OSS di 18 Kementerian/Departemen pada Indonesia Go Open Source (IGOS) Summit Mei 2008 lalu perkembangan open source sangat positif.
"Namun memang tergantung kesiapan dari bagian di masing-masing instansi, ada yang masih proses dan ada yang sudah menggunakan," katanya.

Untuk Kementerian Ristek sudah 100 persen untuk server dan 95 persen desktop yang telah menggunakan OSS, sisanya tetap menggunakan software proprietari karena memang belum ada penggantinya. Sedangkan Dirjen Aplikasi Telematika Depkominfo Cahyana Ahmadjayadi mengatakan, pemassalan OSS di Departemen Kominfo khususnya di Dirjen Aplikasi Telematika sudah 98 persen dan dua persen dengan proprietari.

Semangat OSS sudah dimulai di Indonesia sejak 30 Juni 2004 dengan deklarasi lima instansi pemerintah yakni, Kementerian Ristek, Depkominfo, Depdiknas, Depkum dan HAM serta Kementerian PAN disusul dengan diluncurkannya OSS versi Indonesia IGOS Nusantara pada 12 Juli 2005, ujarnya. Kementerian Ristek, kata Kemal, juga sedang mempersiapkan delapan aplikasi khusus untuk Kementerian/Departemen seperti aplikasi inventaris kantor, aplikasi kepegawaian, aplikasi pengelolaan anggaran, hingga aplikasi pelayanan publik. Aplikasi tersebut nantinya bisa di-download di web Depkominfo dan bersifat customized karena terbuka untuk dimodifikasi, ujarnya.

Perangkat lunak open source sudah disediakan secara gratis oleh pemerintah dan merupakan pengganti perangkat lunak berbayar (proprietari) yang di pasaran cukup mahal seperti Microsoft.

taken from
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Ten ways to tell it’s not SOA

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Are we having fun yet? I’ve talked plenty about companies implementing JBOWS (Just a Bunch of Web Services) versus full-throttle SOA, but is there a way to tell the difference?

Here are a few clues that you may be not quite as service-enabled as you thought:

1) If a vendor tells you that you need to buy a suite to get to SOA… it’s not SOA. SOA means complete freedom from suites and integrated packages.

2) If a vendor is trying to sell you hardware… it’s not SOA. Enough said.

3) If you’re sending out email inquiries or making phone calls to find out what services are out there…. it’s not SOA. Registries and repositories are essential for service discovery and validation.

4) If nobody’s sharing services… it’s not SOA. You can have all the standardized services you can handle, but if it’s services within silos and nothing more, then it’s services in silos.

5) If developers and integrators are not being incented or persuaded to reuse services and interfaces… it’s not SOA. Without incentives or disincentives, they will keep building their own stuff.

6) If your CIO is clueless about what’s going on with shared services… it’s not SOA. To truly function, SOA-based infrastructures need to cross organizational boundaries, and it takes someone at the management level to bring these efforts together. Otherwise, again, it’s services in silos.

7) If the IT department is running the whole show… it’s not SOA. Sorry IT folks, but SOA needs to have the business heavily involved in the effort as well.

8) If it only runs one operating system or platform… it’s not SOA. SOA has nothing to do with any single OS.

9) If it replicates a SOA in place elsewhere… it’s not SOA. Every company has unique business requirements and processes, and no two SOAs will be alike.

10) If you have to rewrite or redesign code to make things run right… it’s not SOA. SOA is supposed to make rewrites unnecessary.

Qualifier: of course, there’s no such thing as a perfect SOA — the important thing is the fact a company is working toward service orientation at some level.

by Joe McKendrick
(Source of inspiration — James Governor’s “15 Ways to Tell It’s Not Cloud Computing“)
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Travel Essentials in Indonesia

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

How to get in and get out of Indonesia


The principal gateways for entry to Indonesia are Jakarta and Bali. Flights from neighbouring countries also stop in several Indonesian cities. Singapore has some of the cheapest flights to Indonesia and is a major travel hub in the region, so it may be cheaper to fly to Singapore, from where you can enter Indonesia by air or ship. From Penang in Malaysia, you can take a short flight or ferry to Medan in Sumatra.

The number of carriers servicing Indonesia has waned over the past few years. Nevertheless the glut of alliances between carriers means there are still enough options.
Air France,
Air New Zealand,
Air Paradise,
Australian Airlines,
ANA (All Nippon Airways),
Cathay Pacific,
China Airlines,
China Southern Airlines,
Eva Airlines,
Garuda Indonesia,
JAL (Japan Airlines),
KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines),
MAS (Malaysia Airlines),
Northwest Airlines,
Philippine Airlines,
Singapore Airlines,
Silk Air,
Thai Airways,

Jakarta’s Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is spacious, modern and efficient, but only has a few good and shopping outlets. Bali’s smaller Ngurah Rai International Airport is slightly more interesting. Shopping is also overpriced here but more varied than at Soekarno-Hatta. In peak tourist seasons when a few jumbos land, it is standing room only and queues are long. Standard duty-free items are on sale at both airports.

Bali is the major gateway to Australia, with almost all flight to/from Indonesia routed via Denpasar. Direct flight connect Denpasar with Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Darwin. Garuda and Qantas used to be the only carriers competing on most of these runs, but a couple of new outfits strated in 2003. Air Paradise flies from Melbourne and Perth, and Australian Airlines (operated by Qantas) from Sydney and Melbourne. Other direct flights to Indonesia are Perth – Jakarta and Sydney – Jakarta (both Australian Airlines).

If your tourist pass is running out and you’d like to return to Indonesia, Darwin is not your only Australin short-hop destination option. Christmas island in Australia’s Indian ocean Territories is only 360 km away from Jakarta, and there’s a weekly return charter-flight, which at the time of research departed Saturday from both Jakarta and Christmas island.

There are no direct flight between Indonesia and New Zealand; however, Air New Zealand, Garuda and Qantas connect Auckland with Denpasar via Sidney, Melbourne or Brisbane.

Flight Centre (0800 243 544; has an office in Auckland and many branches throughtout the country. Also checkout deals in the travel section of the New Zealand Herald.

There are no direct flights from the USA, but there are plenty of options that involve a stopever in another Asian destination, such us Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore or Malaysia. If you are traveling from east coast USA, it’s better to travel via either Frankfurt or Amsterdam.

If you are also visiting others parts of Asia, some good deals can be organized (eq, there are cheap tickets between the US west coast and Singapore with stopovers in Bangkok for very little extra money). However, be careful during the peak travel seasons (June to August, and Chinese New Year) because seats will be hard to come by unless reserved months in advance.

US websites worth checking out for lowcost flight include, and .

Getting discount tickets in Canada is much the same as in the USA – shop around until you find a good deal. Again, you’ll probably have to fly into Hong Kong or Singapore (or Europe from the east coast) and carry on from there to Indonesia.

The UK
There are no direct flights to Indonesia from the UK; however, there are plenty of airlines offering services via Europe, Asia and/or the Middle East. Discount air travel is big business in London. Advertisements for many agencies appear in the travel pages of weekend broadsheet newspapaer, in Time Out, the Evening Standard and in the free managazine TNT.

There are plenty of travel agencies worth checking for fares. STA Travel (0870 - 160 0599; has branches across the country. Other reputable agencies are Trailfinders (0207 – 938 3939;; Flight Centre (0870 – 890 8099; and ebookers (0870 – 010 7000;

STA Travel has offices throughout the region. Check out its website at for office locations and contact details. Nouvelles Frontieres ( also has branches throughout Europe.

France has a network of travel agencies that can supply discount tickets. OUT Voyages (08 20 81 78 17; and Voyageurs du Monde (01 42 86 16 40, 08 25 30 02 90; have branches throughout the country and offer some of the best services and deals.

Recommended travel agencies in Germany include STA Travel (01805-456 422; which has branches in major cities across the country.

In Italy, CTS Viaggi (840-501 150; is a student and youth specialist with branches in major cities.

In Spain, recommended agencies include Usit Unlimited (902 252 575; and Barcelo Viajes (902 116 226;, both with branches in major cities.

In the Netherlands, NBBS Reizen (0900-10 20 300; is a stalwart agent.

All the following air fares are for one-way travel.

The most popular flight is from Penang to Medan in Sumatra with Malaysia. Malaysia Airlines also flies Medan – Kuala Lumpur and Pontianak – Kuching.

Bouraq and Merpati both have flights from Manado to Davao in the Philippines, but you need an onward or return ticket to enter the Philippines. Philippine Airlines flies Manila – Jakarta.

Silk Air flies into several cities including Medan, Padang, Pekanbaru, Palembang, Manado, Makassar, Mataram, Balikpapan and Solo.


Most sea links are between Malaysia and Sumatra. Confortable, high-speed ferries between Penang (Malaysia) and Belawan (near Medan, Sumatra) are one of the most popular ways to reach Indonesia. The other main ferry connection is between Dumai (Sumatra) and Melaka (Malacca). From Johor Bahru in southern Malaysia, daily ferries run to Batam and Bintan islands in Sumatra’s Riau islands. From east-coast Kalimantan, speedboats depart every morning from Tarakan to Nunukan and from Nunukan to Tawau.

A popular way to reach Indonesia is via the Riau islands in Sumatra. The main stepping stones are the islands of batam and Bintan, both only a short high-speed ferry ride from Singapore. From Batam, speedboats travel through ro Pekanbaru on the Sumatran mainland. From Bintan, Pelni ships run to Jakarta and other destinations, and other ships go from Bintan to Jakarta.


There are three possible land crossings into Indonesia. It’s possible to cross by road at Entikong, between Kalimantan and Sarawak (eastern Malaysia); get your visa in advance.

The border crossing between West and East Timor at Motoain was open at the time of research; a visa in required when traveling from East to West Timor.

The road from Jayapura of Sentani in Indonesia to Vanimo in Papua New Guinea can be crossed, depending on the current political situation. A visa is required if traveling into Indonesia.

by Indonesia Trekking

Whatever you bring, make sure you to pack light & within the baggage restrictions on your air ticket. Airlines are becoming more stringent & do impose hefty charges for excess baggage!

  • Passport valid for at least 6 months from date of departure and must have at least 1 completely blank page (no stamps, nothing) upon arrival in Indonesia for Indonesian Immigration to attach the visa on arrival. Otherwise, you will be denied entry into Indonesia
  • Tickets, itinerary, travel insurance policy and any travel vouchers
  • Visa (if necessary) – for most countries including Australia, NZ and USA a US$25 30-day tourist visa is issued on arrival into Indonesia, payable in most currencies, or by credit card.
  • Money – change some cash into Indonesian Rupiah before you leave home or at the airport when you arrive in Indonesia. There are ATM’s at all airports, cities and main towns in Indonesia. Change AU$400 minimum per two weeks stay, less for boat trips. Travellers cheques are becoming more and more difficult to change outside major centres, so cash, preferably new 50 or 100 dollar notes and a credit or cash card enabling you use ATM’s are the go. Make sure you have RP 100,000 left over at the end of your trip for airport departure tax when leaving Indonesia.
  • Ticket or document wallet to store you valuables.
  • A sense of humor and an open mind – Indonesia has a very different culture to us and things don’t always go to plan. These two qualities will ensure you get the most from your travel experience and they don’t weigh anything!

Cheers, frizzy2008.

Info yang mungkin berguna

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

  • Karbon atau arang kayu yang biasa digunakan untuk memasak sate adalah media yang baik untuk memurnikan air dari pencemar logam seperti zat besi yang biasa mencemari air di perkotaan, karena arang kayu memiliki pori-pori yang mampu mengadsorpsi ion logam yang terdapat dalam air.
  • Pengolahan air minum dengan cara dimasak hanya cocok untuk air minum dari sumber yang belum tercemar, sedangkan untuk daerah perkotaan dan industri dimana airnya telah tercemar, pengolahan air minum dengan cara dimasak hanya dapat membunuh kuman tapi tidak menghilangkan bahan kimia berbahaya yang terdapat didalamnya, perlu pengolahan lebih lanjut agar air yang tercemar dapat dimunum, seperti dengan cara destilasi, adsorpsi, penukar ion atau menyaringnya dengan menggunakan membran semipermiable.
  • Mercury adalah logam yang berbentuk cair pada temperatur kamar, mercury akan menjadi padat bila diberi tekanan sebesar 7.640 atm atau 7,7 juta milibar.
  • Sejak zaman Belanda para petani kita sudah mengenal pupuk Z.A. (zwavelzuur amonium) yang tiada lain adalah amonium sulfat, (NH4)2 SO4. Pupuk Z.A. hanya mengandung 21 % berat nitrogen. Akan tetapi harganya lebih murah dari urea, serta dapat menyumbangkan unsur S (belerang) yang juga esensial bagi tumbuh-tumbuhan. Hanya penggunaan pupuk Z.A. yang terlalu banyak akan menyebabkan tanah bersifat asam.
  • Alkohol dapat bersifat sebagai asam. Alkohol mirip air dalam hal bersikap sebagai suatu basa dan menerima sebuah proton (menghasilkan suatu alkohol terprotonkan, ROH2+). Seperti air pula, suatu alkohol dapat bersikap sebagai asam dan melepaskan sebuah proton (menghasilkan ion alkoksida, RO-). Seperti air, alkohol adalah asam atau basa yang sangat lemah, untuk alkohol murni atau alkohol dalam air, kesetimbangan ionisasi terletak di sebelah kiri (di daerah alcohol takterionkan).
    Dalam larutan encer dalam air, alcohol mempunyai pKa yang kira-kira sama dengan pKa air. Namun dalam keadan murni (tak ada air) alkohol-alkohol jauh lebih lemah daripada air. Nilai pKa methanol murni sekitar 17, dan alkohol-alkohol lain lebih lemah lagi. Sebagai perbandingan untuk air murni pKa = 15,7 (bukan 14, yakni pKw).
    Satu alasan mengapa alkohol murni mempunyai keasaman yang lebih rendah adalah karena alkohol mempunyai tetapan dielektrik yang lebih rendah. Karena mereka kurang polar, alcohol kurang mampu mendukung ion dalam larutan daripada molekul air. Dalam larutan-air yang encer, alkohol mempunyai nilai pKa yang kira-kira sama seperti air.
  • Sabun dapat bereaksi dengan ion logam seperti ion besi, ion kalsium, ion magnesium dan lainnya, sehingga sifat sabunnya berkurang, yaitu tidak dapat mengikat lemak.Oleh sebab itu sabun tidak cocok digunakan dengan menggunakan air sadah dan air yang tercemar ion logam seperti besi. Untuk air yang banyak mengandung ion logam sebaiknya digunakan ditergent.
  • Cell bahan bakar hidrogen, menggunakan hidrogen sebagai anode dan oksigen sebagai katoda. Elektron dalam fuel cell berasal dari hidrogen yang mengalir dari anoda menuju katoda sehingga dihasilkan arus listrik. Oksigen bereaksi dengan hidrogen yang kekurangan elektron menghasilkan air. Cell bahan bakar hidrogen merupakan penghasil listrik yang rendah polusi karena produk akhirnya adalah air, yang bukan zat pencemar.
  • Gas alam dapat disimpan dalam bentuk cairan dengan cara diberi tekanan tinggi. Gas alam dalam bentuk cair 600 kali volumenya lebih kecil dibandingkan dalam bentuk gas. Jadi dengan tempat yang sama dalam bentuk cairan, gas alam 600 kali lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan bentuk gas dengan volume yang sama.
  • Helium adalah salah satu unsur gas mulia yang digunakan untuk menggantikan udara pada pernafasan penyelam atau orang lain yang bekerja dibawah tekanan tinggi, dengan campuran helium 80 % dan Oksigen 20 %. Terlalu lama terkena udara yang dimampatkan dapat menimbulkan narkose nitrogen, yang salah satu efeknya adalah halusinasi, yang oleh penyelam dikenal sebagai pesona bawah laut, para penyelam yang terpesona demikian tak mampu memperhatikan tindakan-tindakan pengamanan dan mungkin akan tenggelam. Helium disarankan sebagai pengganti nitrogen karena helium kurang larut dalam darah dibandingkan nitrogen. Selagi penyelam kembali ke tekanan atmosfer, melarutnya gas nitrogen akan membentuk gelembung-gelembung gas yang sangat kecil dalam darah, yang menimbulkan “ tekukan” yang terasa nyeri dan berbahaya.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

At CERN, computers to tackle the Big Bang

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

GENEVA--The CERN Computer Center is the number-crunching hub that powers the physics research lab's quest to discover the nature of the universe.

A formidable 8,000 servers housing 40,000 Intel processor cores provide the grunt to help crack the petabytes of data spewed out from CERN's cutting-edge particle accelerators, based here. Editors' note: This story was originally published on as a photo gallery. Click here to see all the images.)

About half of these cores will be used to deal with data from the 17-mile-long Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which will generate about 15 petabytes of data by colliding protons with protons.

The computer center will provide only about 20 percent of the processing power used to examine the LHC data, with the rest coming from the LHC Computing Grid, a dedicated network of more than 100,000 processors.

Scientists hope the LHC will offer a "glimpse" at the Higgs Boson, a particle thought to give mass to the universe.

The LHC will produce up to 600 million particle collisions per second. To store the huge amount of data the LHC produces, the center houses 8 petabytes of hard disks and 18 petabytes of magnetic tapes. This will increase to 16 petabytes of disc and 30 petabytes of tape by the end of the year.

Even this is insufficient to store the vast amounts of the raw data produced by the LHC, so its four detectors--which each look for different particles and energy signatures--have built-in electronics and smaller computer centers that analyze petabytes of data per second they collect and that throw away the bulk of the information not of interest to the physicists.

The data that's left is sent on to the computer center and its racks of servers.

"A lot of processors are devoted to data processing for physics. We are collecting a tremendous amount of data from the collision points," said Jean Michel Jouanigot, head of network services at CERN.

CERN switching points.

The computing center holds 1,500 10-gigabit ports for data exchange and 70,000 1-gigabit ports for information flow among CERN sites. These are just some of the switching points.
(Credit: CERN)
Once the data arrives at the center it is immediately stored and reprocessed before being made available to 7,000 physicists in 33 countries via the LHC grid.

The grid is linked to the center through dedicated 10-gigabit-per-second connections. It can handle about 50,000 users at once, sharing out bandwidth and processing power between scientists.

"The grid is a worldwide collaboration through many hundreds of sites and will get information through very powerful networks," Jouanigot said.

CERN serves as an Internet exchange point and is one of the oldest in Europe.

Within the computing center itself, the data exchange is handled by 1,500 10-gigabit ports, while information flow within CERN's various sites is handled by 70,000 1-gigabit ports.

by Nick Heath of reported from London.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

The emotional effects of acne

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

You've been anticipating — and possibly dreading — the "big day" for weeks. The nature of the event isn't important; it may be a first date, an important job interview, or your own birthday party. You try to hide behind hair or heavy make-up. But you can't ignore the face in the mirror.

Sound familiar? For acne sufferers all over the world, these scenarios are all too common. Even routine social interactions — a day at the office, a trip to the market — can be a nightmare of stress and self-loathing. Yet, due to the "merely cosmetic" nature of acne vulgaris, these very real emotions are widely dismissed as oversensitivity. Clear-faced friends and co-workers say, "Really, it looks worse to you."

And they're probably right. But they're missing an important point: Acne is as much about how you feel as how you look. Over the years, the research methods and medical treatments may have changed, but the answers to the question "how does your acne make you feel?" have remained alarmingly constant: Ugly. Angry. Dirty. Depressed. These answers are consistent across gender lines, age barriers and national borders.

What is being done?

Every year, millions of dollars are devoted to the medical study and treatment of acne; millions more are spent on the development and marketing of over-the-counter remedies. Comparatively little energy, however, has been spent determining the psychological and social effects of the condition. Consider the following statement:

There is no single condition which causes more psychic trauma, more maladjustment between parent and children, more general insecurity and feelings of inferiority and greater sums of psychic suffering than does acne vulgaris.1

Made by Sulzberger and Zaidems in a 1948 article, this statement rings true today. Despite acne's limited impact on overall patient health, several studies have concluded that it produces a similar degree of emotional stress to skin conditions causing significant physical disability. The implications are fairly obvious: Acne hurts more on the inside. So why is it so easy for people to dismiss these feelings as vanity?

The problem of measuring emotion.

The difficulty lies not in validating acne's negative affects, but in quantifying them. For years, researchers have been struggling to find an accurate means of measurement for this particular kind of study. Scientists use psychometrics to measure conditions of the mind, but have yet to develop a scale for evaluating the psychological effects of physical conditions such as acne. And the use of psychometric scales for evaluating acne patients has been largely inconclusive.

Why? Emotional symptoms — depression, anger, low self-esteem — are influenced by an incredible number of variables. So it's difficult to know for sure whether one's depression is caused by acne alone or a combination of factors, ranging from trouble in school to on-the-job stress. At the moment, the best way to understand the psychosocial effects of acne seems surprisingly simple: Listen.

The power of patient testimony.

Until science develops an accurate scale, the best way for us to learn about acne's emotional effects is from the patients themselves. The following passages are excerpted from verbatim quotes taken during a 1995 study in San Francisco.2 In dramatic contrast with the psychometric questionnaires used in the past, patients were asked open-ended questions and encouraged to answer at length.

It has been many years since I have looked in a mirror. I comb my hair using a silhouette on the wall to show the outline of my head. I have not looked myself in the eyes in years, and that is painful to not be able to do that, and that is a direct result of acne.

When my acne got more severe, I began to really examine more things, become more aware of social norms, what is acceptable, what is attractive. That is when I began to have lower self-esteem; it made me become more of an introvert. It made me want to avoid certain occasions. 'Ask her out? Well, maybe not. She won't be interested because of how I look.

It's associated with being dirty, and I hate that, because it's not at all like that. I inherited it from my mother, and she is always telling me that she had the exact same thing, and that it will go away. I am mad that I inherited it from her. My dad makes me feel bad because he never had bad skin when he was younger, so he doesn't understand.

My mother doesn’t know what she has done to hurt me. If I ate fatty foods, she would criticize. If I ate spicy food — which Thai food is, they are all spicy — she would say that because I ate spicy food, that was why I had pimples. She kept telling me how ugly my face was, and no one was going to marry me if I had bad-looking skin. And that really hurts me.

I know I am so insecure in this way — but if I go into a store, I won't buy candy, even if I really want it. I think in my mind that people are looking at what I am buying, and thinking, 'Oh, she eats junk. No wonder she has so many zits on her face.

From just this small sample, it's easy to see the wide-ranging emotional impact of acne on those who suffer from it. These accounts of family conflict, social withdrawal and deep private suffering are, according to the patients, the direct result of their acne.

While it's hard to measure the impact of this condition, the message within these testimonies is clear: Acne can cause profound emotional suffering. Of course, if you live with acne, this isn’t news — but it may be helpful to know you’re not alone.

And there’s good news, too. We now know more about the treatment of acne than ever before. There is a wide range of acne treatments available, and there’s a good chance you’ll be able to find a regimen that works for you. More about acne treatments.

1 Sulzberger MB and Zaidems SH, “Psychogenic factors in dermatological disorders,” Medical Clinicians of North America, 1948, Vol. 32, p. 669.

2 Koo, John, MD, “The psychosocial impact of acne: Patients’ perceptions,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 1995, Vol. 32, p. 26–30.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

VoIP & 4G Wireless Legal Tanpa Perlu Pemerintah

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Sumber: Onno W. Purbo

VoIP atau di kenal sebagai internet telepon nampaknya merupakan momok bagi regulator & banyak operator telekomunikasi. Di satu sisi, harus di akui bahwa regulator & operator mengakui secara terselubung bahwa teknologi ini memungkinkan terbentuknya infrastruktur telekomunikasi yang murah. Di sisi lain, biasanya pemerintah & operator konvensional takut luar biasa tidak dapat memperoleh masukan pajak dan keuntungan karena pelanggan yang melarikan diri ke jasa VoIP.

Kalau kita buka-bukaan, pemerintah & operator sudah banyak kecolongan oleh jasa VoIP gratisan yang di operasikan oleh Anton Raharja cs di VoIP Rakyat Teknologi yang digunakan jauh di atas operator telekomunikasi Indonesia karena mengadopsi protokol SIP yang merupakan basis Next Generation Network (NGN)& 4G. Hanya XL yang hari ini menggunakan NGN kepada corporate customer XL. Jasa Anton cs di VoIP Rakyat telah berhasil mengkaitkan banyak corporate untuk dapat saling menelepon melalui Internet, hal ini cukup mudah di deteksi dari Online Phone yang terpampang di, ada PT. Lippo Cikarang, CGD IT Solutions, Zyrex Computer, PT. UFOAkses, ITENAS, PT. Berkat Usaha Jaya, PT. BITA, PT. TEL PP, PT. Agung Raya, dan masih banyak lagi karena nomor VoIP yang terdaftar sudah mendekati 50.000 nomor. Seorang Rakyat biasa Anton Raharja telah berhasil memberikan solusi murah bagi bangsa ini, tanpa bantuan pemerintah.

Integrasi VoIP Rakyat ke saluran telkom dan selular pun telah mulai dilakukan di bantu oleh beberapa pihak ke tiga, seperti, Tentunya telepon ke telkom dan selular tidak gratis, harus membayar ke pihak ke tiga tersebut.

Nokia Indonesia bahkan telah mengembangkan software untuk Nokia seri E agar dapat mengunakan jasa VoIP ini secara mudah pada Nokia E61, E61i, E65, E90 & E50. Teknik ini merupakan cikal bakal 4G yang berhasil dengan baik di Indonesia, tidak banyak negara yang berhasil menjalankan 4G seperti Indonesia. Software Nokia Indonesia pun di kembangkan oleh software house Indonesia seperti intouch. Teknik ini di kalangan awam di kenal dengan handphone tanpa SIM CARD karena memang kita dapat menelepon tanpa perlu SIM card sama sekali. Tidak ada pulsa yang perlu di bayar untuk itu.

Berbagai supplier peralatan VoIP seperti Linksys maupun peralatan Indonesia seperti NetPhonic mulai berkembang mensupply kebutuhan telekomunikasi masa mendatang ini. Industri software & telekomunikasi Indonesia justru menjadi berkembang karena inovasi-inovasi yang terjadi dikarenakan pemerintah tidak berhasil memberikan solusi telekomunikasi murah pada rakyat Indonesia.

Apakah semua ini melanggar hukum? jawab singkat-nya TIDAK! Ijin pemerintah hanya dibutuhkan jika kita memberikan layanan VoIP kepada masyarakat secara komersial dan tersambung ke jaringan telkom. Selama VoIP di gunakan dari rakyat, untuk rakyat, oleh rakyat secara gratis dan hanya tersambung ke PABX kantor maka pemerintah tidak dibutuhkan.

Indahnya, semua ilmu dan teknologi VoIP NGN & 4G ini dapat di peroleh dengan mudah di berbagai buku, termasuk buku 3G dan buku VoIP Cikal Bakal Telkom Rakyat yang di terbitkan oleh InfoKomputer dan majalah CHIP. Di dukung oleh berbagai roadshow dan seminar seperti di IndoComtech 2007.

Cheers, frizzy2008.

IP Address Location Check

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

Have you ever wondered "what is my IP address"?
Or thought about IP block addresses that belong to a specific country?

Maybe you are Looking for IP Address Locations or simple try to find easy way and learn more about protocols and TCP IP?
Have you ever used a web-based IP address lookup tool to find the geographical location of an IP address?
Maybe you are looking for an IP address location or you simply wish to learn more about how networking protocols, like UDP and TCP/IP, work?
We can help with all of this and more.

Using IP Address Location is free. It is the fastest, easiest and most precise way to search and find the exact location of any IP address, OS, DNS, country, country code and contry flag. Furthermore, we have integrated Geolocator and a world map to display your results by city and country. Our IP database is updated every 48 hours so you can be sure the information we provide is up to date.

Our web based IP Lookup tool has analyzed your IP address and and detected next informations about your computer:
My IP Address

My Host Address (DNS Lookup)
Proxy Server Detection:
No Proxy detected or you use High Anonymous Proxy

Country - Flag - Code Country
Indonesia ID

Guessed City

English (United States)

Operating System
NT 5.1 (Windows XP)
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Waroeng Unagi

Diceritakan oleh Nanik

Aku gak pernah tau tempat makan ini sampe suatu hari temenku, Atik, ngajakin ke sini. Sebenernya dia juga gak tau persis lokasinya. Tapi, berbekal alamat dan beberapa kali nanya orang, dengan bonus kebablasan ampe Dago Pakar, akhirnya ketemu juga deh tempatnya.

Namanya kedengeran kejepang-jepangan gitu ya? Hmm, emang bener ternyata, menurut Atik, unagi itu bahasa Jepang-nya belut. Gak tau apa yang membuat dia pengen banget ke sini. Entah ngidam ato karena abis baca review tentang Waroeng Unagi di tabloid Saji.

Sampe sana jam 11-an. Kebetulan emang dah laper. Jadi cocoklah, pas laper, pas di tempat makan. Warungnya gak begitu luas, tapi terdiri dari dua lantai, di lantai dua dan tiga. Lante dua diramaikan ama tampang-tampang mahasiswa, lengkap dengan laptopnya. Emang di sini ada fasilitas hotspot. Standar kafe-kafe masa kini gitu loh. Kalo lante tiganya enggak begitu rame. Di sini menurutku lebih asik karena bisa melihat pemandangan di sekeliling warung dari ketinggian, meski pemandangannya gak begitu istimewa. Ada rumah2 penduduk di satu sisi, dan ada view kos-kosan di sisi laen. Sisi laennya lagi, kita bisa sedikit lebih jauh memandang...halah....

Karena gak ada ide tentang menunya, kami pesen menu yang paling direkomendasikan ajah. Atik pesen Godzilla Egg Rice dan aku pesen Unagi Rice Burger. Untuk minum, es teh lemon dan Mix Berry. Kami harus menunggu cukup lama untuk makanannya. Untung tingkat laperku belom terlalu parah, jadi masih bisa nunggu dengan sabar.
Unagi Rice Burger itu burger nasi dengan isian daging belut dan atasnya ditaburi rumput laut. Beras dan belutnya konon dari Jepang. Belutnya empuk dengan rasa dominan manis.Nasinya biasa aja, lembek2 gitu deh. Sebenernya gak ada bedanya ma makan makan nasi belut. Kek makan pecel lele ala Jawa Timur di warung tenda itu loh. Hehe. Seumur-mur baru kali ini aku makan belut selain dibikin kripik. Pesen menu ini juga karena penasaran aja, bukan karena doyan. Dan pertama kali menyuapkan irisan belut ke mulut, agak-agak gimana gitu.

Untuk Godzilla Egg Rice, tampilannya cantik banget. Intinya nasi goreng yang dibentuk bola, kira-kira seukuran bola tenis. Tekstur kulitnya seperti kroket, dibungkus tepung roti. Di dalemnya ada telur bulet. Nasi gorengnya kerasa banget saus tomat. Manis. Terlalu manis malahan. Menurutku, akan lebih nendang kalo ada rasa pedes-pedesnya.

Mix Berry, jus stroberi campur bluberi yang aku pesen, terlalu dominan stroberinya. Secara keseluruhan, boleh lah ide dan inovasi Waroeng Unagi. Kapan-kapan bisa datang lagi buat nyobain menu yang laen.

Waroeng Unagi
Jalan Bukit Dago Selatan No 4 Bandung

Cheers, frizzy2008.


Fahmi Rizwansyah says:


Category: Books
Genre: Reference

Buku terlaris bagi orang-orang yang menginginkan KEKUASAAN, mengamati KEKUASAAN atau ingin mempersenjatai diri mereka untuk melawan KEKUASAAN. Hasil karya yang tajam ini menyaring tiga ribu tahun sejarah kekuasaan ke dalam empat puluh delapan hukum yang dipaparkan dengan baik.

Dengan desain dan isi yang menarik, buku yang berani ini menggambarkan garis besar hukum-hukum kekuasaan dengan intisari yang sesungguhnya, menggabungkan filsafat Machiavelli, Sun Tzu, Carl von Clauserwitz dan para pemikir besar lainnya.

Adapun ringkasan dari 48 Hukum Kekuasaan dimaksud adalah :
1. Jangan pernah terlihat lebih baik dari atasan anda;
2. Jangan pernah terlalu mempercayai teman, tetapi pelajarilah cara memanfaatkan musuh;
3. Sembunyikan niat anda;
4. Senantiasalah bicara lebih sedikit daripada yang diperlukan;
5. Begitu banyak hal tergantung dari reputasi - jagalah reputasi anda dengan nyawa anda;
6. Carilah perhatian berapapun harga yang harus dibayar;
7. Mintalah orang lai bekerja keras bagi anda, tetapi senantiasalah terima pujian atas kerja-keras mereka;
8. Usahakan agar orang lain mendatangi anda - pergunakanlah umpan bila perlu;
9. Raihlah kemenangan lewat tindakan anda, jangan pernah menang lewat perdebatan;
10. Infeksi : Hindarilah orang-orang yang tidak bahagia dan sial;
11. Usahakan agar orang lain tetap tergantung kepada anda;
12. Pergunakanlah kejujuran dan kemurahan hati selektif untuk memperdayakan korban anda;
13. Saat meminta bantuan, pancinglah kepentingan orang lain, jangan pernah pancing belas kasihan atau rasa syukur mereka;
14. Berperanlah sebagai seorang teman, bekerjalah sebagai seorang mata-mata;
15. Hancurkan musuh anda secara total;
16. Pergunakan ketidak-hadiran anda untuk meningkatkan respek dan penghormatan;
17. Usahakan agar orang lain selalu merasakan teror, kembangkan aura tak bisa ditembak;
18. Jangan bangun benteng untuk melindungi diri anda sendiri, isolasi adalah sesuatu yang berbahaya;
19.Ketahuilah siapa yang anda hadapi, jangan singgung perasaan orang yang salah;
20. Jangan berkomitmen kepada siapapun;
21. Berpura-puralah menjadi orang yang tolol untuk menangkap seseorang yang tolol - berilah kesan bahwa anda lebih bodoh dari sasaran anda;
22. Manfaatkan taktik menyerah, ubah kelemahan menjadi kekuasaan;
23. Himpun kekuatan anda;
24. Berperanlah sebagai seorang penghuni istana yang sempurna;
25. Ciptakan kembali diri anda sendiri;
26. Jagalah agar kedua tangan anda tetap bersih;
27. Permainkan kebutuhan orang lain untuk mempercayai sesuatu, untuk menciptakan pengikut setia;
28. Bertindaklah dengan berani;
29. Buatlah rencana hingga tuntas;
30. Berilah kesan bahwa prestasi anda tampaknya mudah sekali dicapai;
31. Kendalikan pilihan-pilihan anda : suruhla orang lain bermain dengan kartu yang anda bagikan;
32. Bermainlah sesuai dengan fantasi orang lain;
33. Ketahuilah kelemahan setiap orang;
34. Jadilah seorang bangsawan dengan cara anda sendiri - bersikaplah bak seorang raja agar diperlakukan seperti seorang raja;
35. Kuasailah seni memilih waktu yang tepat;
36. Sepelekan hal-hal yang tak bisa anda miliki : mengabaikan mereka adalah pembalasan dendam terbaik;
37. Ciptakan tontotan yang memikat;
38. Berpikirlah sesuka anda, tetapi bersikaplah seperti orang lain;
39. Aduk aduk air untuk menangkap ikan;
40. Bencilah segala hal yang diperoleh dengan cuma-cuma;
41. Hindarilah mengambil alih posisi seseorang yang hebat;
42. Serang si gembala, maka domba-dombanya pasti berhamburan;
43. Kenalilah hati dan pikiran orang lain;
44. Perdaya dan pancing amarah orang lain dengan efek cermin;
45. Sampaikan ceramah tentang kebutuhan untuk berubah , tetapi jangan pernah lakukan reformasi dalam terlalu banyak bidang kehidupan dalam waktu singkat;
46. Jangan pernah terlihat terlalu sempurna;
47. Jangan melebihi sasaran yang telah anda tentukan, dalam hal kemenangan, belajarlah untuk tahu kapan anda harus berhenti;
48. Jadilah seperti uap yang terbentuk.

Catatan :
Walau buku ini terlaris. Namun ada beberapa hukum dalam buku ini perlu pemikiran ulang dari kita secara pribadi, apakah dapat diterapkan atau tidak. Simak baik-baik, cernati tapi JANGAN DITERIMA BULAT-BULAT. Pikirkan ulang. Oce ?


Cheers, frizzy2008.

SOA Services are much more than a technical artifact

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

SOA Services are much more than a technical artifact. They are a solution to a business architecture requirement for shared services, and the business architecture needs to exist first, or at least be tacitly understood and described, in order for the service to have any lasting value.
So, first step in designing a SOA Service is to refer to the business process diagrams that your business architect has produced. For each interaction between roles, look for the data needed to make decisions. For example, if you are looking at the process flow for a new purchasing agreement, you may see steps where three different collaborating systems need data. Consider, for each system, what data they have and what data they need to get, from the flow, in order to do their work. Consider the timeliness of the connection, the direction of the flow (event-push, or call-pull).

You are collecting data for your service contract. Before you write the contract, however, you need to write out the "high level service design." This design starts with some key design questions that you must answer:

  • What is the responsibility of the service? This provides the basic description of WHY the service should exist. Services are expensive. If you cannot stand in front of an executive and make a purely business-oriented case for the existence of a service, you need to rethink it. You are doing something wrong.
  • What rules does the service own? This provides the basic scope of the service. In a well devised, Enterprise SOA, you will have a rule implemented in a relatively small number of services (hopefully in one service) which makes it easier to change that rule. This means that you need to describe the collection of rules owned by a service.
  • What style of EAI are you implementing? I've written about trusted services in the past, which is part of the "Messaging" style of loosely coupled services. The alternative is the "RPC (Remote Procedure Call)" style. If you are passing a block of self-describing and complete data to a service, and all that returns is "thanks... got it," then you are using the messaging style. If you are passing a command (with or without parameters) and are expecting either a set of data in response or an "OK... operation complete" message back, then you are using the RPC style. Note that RPC style services are more typical but, IMHO, less powerful because they assume a real-time binding between the interacting systems. In other words, with an RPC style interaction, if either system is unavailable, then the channel is not useful. With messaging style, both systems do not have to be running at the same time. Let me be clear on this point: it matters! If you are presenting an RPC-style service, you are not achieving the full benefits of loose coupling because of the real-time binding between systems.
  • Is the service itempotent? In other words, if a call to the service is duplicated, and instead of being called once, the service is called twice with identical parameters/payload, will the service detect the duplication and prevent any effects on the underlying systems? This is very important in messaging style services, but it turns up in RPC services as well. A service that provides idempotency is more loosely coupled than one that does not, but it also adds to the complexity of the service implementation.
  • What preconditions and postconditions apply to this service? Just as in use case development, you must be able to describe the factors that must be in place for this service to be used. Unlike typical use case development, however, you must describe the behavior of the service when these preconditions are not met. You also must describe the limitations and constraints of the service. For example, if a service is designed to be used only during a specific business process, then this must be described and included in the service design.
  • What actors may use this service and how will they be authenticated? There are two questions here. First question: define the actors and/or roles that a calling system may play or represent when calling this service. This is an optimistic statement, because you (a) may not know, and (b) may not want to limit your implementation. However, you need to consider all of the actors who can use the business rule that you are encapsulating. If one of those actors cannot use your service, you need to either find a suitable interaction where that actor can use the rule, or create another service that meets that actors needs (I prefer the former).
  • The second question above: "how will your actors be authenticated," must be answered. Too few people will take this into consideration in service design and that is a huge mistake. Even within the firewalls of the data center, it is imperative that the communications between systems be understood to be secure from mal-intentioned people. If your answer is "pray," then you may want to consider a new line of work.
  • What data elements will be required in order to call the service? Do not define the format of the calling sequence. Define the semantics of the data element itself. Is there an Enterprise-wide Unique identifier for the data item you are submitting? If there is a numeric value, what does it mean? At what point in a process is it meaningful?
  • What data elements will be returned by the service in its acknowledgement / receipt / return? Answer the same questions as the preceding question. Think of these questions as the services "data dictionary" but with more constraints. Data dictionaries describe data a rest. These points describe data in process. It's tougher.

OK. Now it is time to formalize your service contract. This is the more technically oriented part of the design. You will define the rules for interacting with the service. All of the points above were more concerned with the behavioral aspects of the service. Now you come to the technical aspects.
The data points you need for the service contract are:

  • What message format will the service use? Typical answers here include SOAP, Proprietary XML, and various RPC mechanisms.
  • What protocol will the caller use to communicate with the service? Typical answers here include HTTP and various RPC protocols.
  • What level of availability should the caller expect for the service? Will the service be available 24x7? Whats the service level agreement that the hosting team is willing to sign up for?
  • What is the expected interaction on the part of the caller when the service is not available? Should he call again later? Try again right away? Discard the call? Return an error to the calling system?
  • If the service call is part of an expected sequence of service calls, define the sequence. This may include call-back mechanisms. Note that call-back mechanisms require the reflected service to be as well defined as the initial service, using all of the rules described here.
  • What latency should the caller expect for the synchronous return from the service call? (In messaging systems, this is the time that the caller should expect to wait for the acknowledgement or receipt.)

These are the technical aspects of the service.
Once you have defined all of these points, you have the high level design of your service. You need to publish the service contract and all of the rest of the design elements above in a place where the calling systems (and their programmers / administrators / support teams) can get access to them.
And that's how you design a SOA Service.

by NickMalik
Cheers, frizzy2008.

Contraception Methods

Fahmi Rizwansyah says:

There are two important reasons for choosing a contraception method. Usually patient choose a contraception which have less side-effect. Side-effects of using contraception are such as becoming fat, thin, got a headache and etc. These side-effects can happen to everyone but with less possibility which is about 2 - 3 %. There are some contraception methods such as sterilization, contraception pills, injection, IUD, contraception barrier method, another method and calendar method. The Rank of Failure Ratio of Contraception Methods sorted from less failure ratio to high failure ratio as below:

1. Sterilization.
This method have the least side-effect. The failure ratio of sterilization is about 2 - 6/100. 000 patient in a year.Sterilization on women is usually called MOW ( medis operatif wanita ) or tubectomy and on men is called MOP (medis operatif pria ) or vasectomy.Sterilization on men is done by making a blockage on the vasdeferens. By doing this, sperm route to the ovum is blocked, so the sperm won't be able to reach the ovum. Women and men can use this method. The blockage process is done outside the testicles so sterilization won't have a dangerous side-effect and safer.

2. Contraception pills.
Contraception Pills contain normal hormone in the women's body and this hormon make the condition of women's body similar to the condition of pregnancy. The failure ratio of contraception pills is about 1%.Pills method is intended for a neat person and someone who have a good memory.Patient must eat the pill regularly in order to make it work. There are many kind of pills such as pills which produced by BKBN, it's very cheap, pills with blue and gold square (lingkaran biru and emas) which is subsidized by the state, or pills with less doses and it's expensive. Don't use pills if the woman had abnormal bleeding. Someone who have a varices is also not permitted to use these pill because contraception pills can disturb the cycle of blood.

3. Injection.
There are many period of injection such as 1 month, 2 month or 3 month.Injection also contains sexual hormone of a woman, so it will disturb the cycle of menstruation but don't worry about that. Usually a woman thinks that menstruation blood is a dirty blood so she thinks that irregular menstruation can have bad effects or psychomatic disease such as headache.

4. IUD
IUD is similar to injection but have longer period of time.The period is about 1 year until 3 years. IUD is done by inserting a cylastic tube into the uterus. A cylastic tube must be taken out if the period is over. The side-effects of IUD is similar to the side-effects of injection.

5. Contraception barrier method (condoms or diaphragms)
The failure ratio of contraception barrier method is about 3 - 30 %.Condoms can be used for variations in sexual performance and can prevent sexual transmitted diseases. There are many kinds of condom. There is a condom which have texture for sexual variations or there is a condom which can be used as the extension of a penis.Diaphragm is a round elastic rubber which is inserted inside the vagina to prevent sperm from getting in the uterus.

6. Another method
Another method is using spermicyde to kill sperm so it can't fertilize the ovum. A spermicyde is chemical substance which can kill sperm. Women can use a vagina tablet, which have function similar to the function of a spermicyde.

7. Calendar method
This method have the biggest failure ratio. The manner of this method is by paying attention to the cycle of menstruation and the end of fertile period. Sometimes this method is used together with condom's method. Condom is used during the fertile period and calendar method is used during the infertile period. Calender method is intended for a woman who have a regular menstruation.

Cheers, frizzy2008.